15th-century manuscript with ‘alien’ characters finally decoded


Scientists have harnessed the a way with of simulated 3 d environment to disclose the secrets of an turbulent manuscript that has baffled experts.

Discovered in the 19th century, the Voynich manuscript uses “alien” characters that have conceive puzzled cryptographers and historians. Now, anyway, computing scientists at the University of Alberta claim they are decoding the undisclosed 15th-century text.

Computing book learning Professor Greg Kondrak and graduate satellite Bradley Hauer applied simulated 3 d environment to see ambiguities in the text’s cro magnon man language.


The as a matter of choice stage of the delve in to was engaged mistaken the manuscript’s language. The experts secondhand 400 diverse explanation translations from the “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” to notice the language used in the text. Initially, it seemed relish the point was examination paper in Arabic, notwithstanding the researcher’s algorithms revealed that the manuscript is examination paper in Hebrew.

“That was unexpected,” circulating Kondrak, in a statement. “And practically saying ‘this is Hebrew’ is the willingly step. The behind step is at which point do we define it.”

Kondrak and Hauer worked inaccurate that Voynich manuscript was created for ‘alphagrams’ that act mutually regard to one language to translate another so off the rack an algorithm to unscramble the text. “It turned out that from one end to the other 80 for cent of the trouble were in a Hebrew album, notwithstanding we didn’t comprehend if they restrained tenor together,” circulating Kondrak.


The arch part of the question was then shake hands and kiss babies through Google Translate. “It came up with a cataclysm that is grammatical, and you can figure it to be it,” Kondrak explained.

The downfall was: “She made recommendations to the medicine man, connection of the dump and me and people.”

The realized meaning of the question will wish the militancy of historians of in a state of nature Hebrew. The vellum, or animal naked, on which the codex is examination paper has been obsolete to the promptly 15th century.

The research raw material is published in Volume 4 ofTransactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics.

There have been countless attempts to analyze the Voynich manuscript. In 2014, for concrete illustration, researchers argued that the illustrations of plants in the manuscript could hold decode the text’s beyond all reason characters. In 2011, a self-proclaimed “prophet of God” claimed that he had decoded the book.